Martakert region of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR) is located in the northern part of the country. The region occupies 1,705 km2 of the territory of Republic, from which 108.5 km2 is under Azerbaijan’s control. The territory of the region is located mainly in the basin of Khachen River and Kolatak River. There are one urban settlement and around 60 rural communities in the region. The region borders Shahumyan region of NKR on the north, Askeran region on the south and Azerbaijan on the east. The total population of the region is 19,000 people, which is around 13.1% of the total population of NKR. The population of Mardakert is 635 people. Communities of Mets Shen, Maghavuz and Varnkatagh have respectively 338, 543 and 79 inhabitants.
The war for independence caused considerable damage to buildings, irrigation systems, factories, roads, and other infrastructure. This problem is the most acute in Mardakert region, which was the main battlefield during the war. Among the other problems the issue of the drinking water supply seems to be the most serious one.
Under the project a water-main was constructed from the spring located at 30 km to the town of Mardakert. Pipe-lines are constructed to connect Mets Shen, Maghavuz and Varnkatagh villages to the main pipe-line, thus allowing also the inhabitants of Mets Shen, Maghavuz and Varnkatagh communities to get access to the safe water supply.