Martuni is one of the eight regions of Artsakh. The territory of the region is 951 km². The population of the region is 23,157 and the regional center is the town of Martuni, where the industry of the region is centralized. The town is situated on the left bank of the river Khanashen, which ensures favorable conditions for agriculture related activities. Thus, traditionally, the main occupation of the population of the town and the nearby rural communities is wine making, cattle breeding and gardening. Martuni is situated at a distance of 58 km from capital Steapanakert.
The water supply system of Martuni town was built in 1971. Up to now the town got water from:
• Qardash springs: the springs are situated some nine km away from the town and supply the upper districts of the town.
• Gishi springs: the springs are situated on the area of Gishi village and supply the midtown districts.
• Karvin chahrez (underground water well): the chahrez is situated in midtown and supplies the lower part of the town.
• Wells: the wells are situated in the west of the town and supply the residential buildings and the Martuni hospital.
The research of the springs showed that they did not operate properly and with low productivity. The water distribution system had been reconstructed in 2005, however it was in a dilapidated state. There was a lot of filtration and water loss. The population of the town received water for just two three hours a day. This was a serious issue and had resulted in sustained inconvenience for the people of Martuni.
Hayastan All Armenian Fund’s new project, realized within the Fund’s overall mission of rehabilitating the water supply networks of Artsakh, saw the full reconstruction of the Martuni water supply system. The water supply has been realized from Qardash and Gishi springs. Qardash and Gishi wells have been used as auxiliary water sources. New water mains, new inner system, new cleaning system have been built and the daily regulating reservoirs have been reconstructed. The reconstruction of the water supply resulted in dramatic reduction of water shortage in this regional center.