The town of Stepanakert is the capital of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic. The town occupies 1800 ha of land is situated on varied elevations (625-1100 m). The town water is supplied from underground and surface springs both by gravity and pump stations. The rivers Vararakn, Traget, and Meghraget are surface sources and artesian waters and wells are underground sources from which the town is supplied with potable water.
The total length of Stepanakert water supply network is 140 km. The water supply system has two purification stations, which filter the waters taken from the surface springs. The Stepanakert water supply system was built in 1950s. The system consists of 13 zones, which cover all the districts of the town.
The inner distribution system had been reconstructed partially in 1990s, after the war. In spite of this, the system was in a dilapidated state, which resulted in loss of a great amount of water - a big problem for the population and the local businesses especially in summer. In some districts of the town, people had water for less than two hours a day, in others for two hours once in two days.
The reconstruction of the 11 zones of the internal distribution network has been realized by the government of Artsakh. Hayastan All Armenian Fund new initiative saw the full reconstruction of the 10th and 11th zones of the internal distribution network. These zones occupy the area of Step Ges district, eastern part of the Armenavan district, the central part of the town and the streets of G.Parseghov, V.Mamikonyan, Iosifyan, Teryan, Babajanyan, Shinararneri, Shmavon, and V.Saroyan. The reconstruction of the zones prevents the further loss of water and ensures stable water supply for the residents of this part of the capital Stepanakert.